Gold has always been the most preferred investment of all the precious metals. Since ancient times it has been used as a means of exchange, currency and values measurement, and over time has become a symbol of wealth and high social status.
To be defined as "investment gold" - to be able to be bought and sold for investment purposes - the gold must meet the following requirements:
The purity of the precious metal must be equal to or greater than 995/1000
The gold must be with a weight accepted by the gold market.
Investment gold is rather a conservative financial instrument and is used to diversify the investment portfolio due to its low investment risk.
There are many ways to invest in gold right now. On the one hand, it is the purchase of physical gold in the form of gold bullions or gold coins, and on the other hand, investing in gold mining companies stocks or gold derivatives such as gold futures. Since the latter is significantly riskier and does not relate to the physical possession of the gold, purchasing gold bars is a reliable long-term investment and insurance for one’s savings against problems in the financial system.
What is important to know?
First of all - is the product authentic. In Bulgaria, trade in precious metals and currency is regulated by the Currency Law. According to Article 13, Paragraph 1 the Ministry of Economy maintains a public register of all legal entities entitled to carry out such transactions. The register is available at this link and it is quite easy to verify if a legal entity has the right to conduct transactions in precious metals and currencies.
Also, each investment gold bar must have a certificate and a serial number. Usually on the back of the vacuum package. Something very important to know is that only the manufacturer of the bar - the refinery or the mint, can issue this certificate of authenticity. Dealers, brokers or other intermediaries are not allowed to certify the authenticity of investment products.
With gold coins though, it is not so easy to establish originality. Most of them don't have a certificate or a serial number. This is why without experience it is difficult to determine whether the coin is authentic and truly valuable and whether it is worth the investment.
Why should gold bars remain in the original packages?
Most of the products are already sold and stored in special capsules or vacuum packages. This applies to both investment gold and silver, which in their highest purity are respectively soft and can easily be bent or crushed. In addition to protecting them from deformation, they also contain information on the weight, purity, and the serial number of the bars. The bars must remain in their original packaging because if they got broken, the products will lose their investment value.
Is investment gold free from VAT?
Yes, investment gold in Bulgaria is VAT exempt and has no fees or commissions.
Now is the time to mention that gold in goldsmith shops is not an investment and does not have the same characteristics as gold bars or coins. Buying gold jewelry cannot be considered an investment either. Gold jewelry is usually 18 or 14 carats and does not meet the requirements of investment gold: at least 995/1000. Besides that, it has workmanship involved, which almost doubles its price. Accordingly, they are not exempt from VAT.
Why do Bulgarians buy investment gold?
In countries like Bulgaria, which have been through hyperinflation, devaluation of the official currency, or have experienced bank crises, many people choose to invest their savings in gold in one form or another. This investment is a kind of insurance against problems in the financial system and keeping the value of savings.
There is an increasing demand for investment gold as s gift for different occasions for which a Bulgarian traditionally spares more money on - weddings, new family members, etc.
Many Bulgarians purchase gold to invest in their children's future. The main reason here is the security of the investment and the peace of mind that the savings will not reduce their value over the years.
What are the gold market trends right now?
Throughout 2019, we saw a slow and steady increase in the price of gold from 1287.20 USD per troy ounce in early January to 1523.00 USD at the end of December. This was primarily due to the global political situation and the economic conflict between the United States and China. The factor that is currently influencing the price of gold is the coronavirus pandemic and the economic uncertainty it continues to cause. We are currently witnessing a new peak in the price of the yellow metal - 1768.90 USD per troy ounce as of 23.06.2020.
Experts share that the price of gold will continue to rise, reaching 2 thousand USD per troy ounce by the end of 2020. Analysts at Bank of America even predict levels of 3 thousand USD.